Henry Moore (1898-1986) subjects include the reclining nude, mother and child groups, the warrior, and interlocking abstract forms.
As an official war artist during World War II, he did a series of drawings of London's air-raid shelters. Many of his postwar works are in bronze or marble, including monumental semi-abstracts such as Reclining Figure (1957-1958) (outside UNESCO, Paris), and often designed to be placed in landscape settings.
Moore, born in Yorkshire, studied at Leeds and the Royal College of Art but claimed to have learned more from archaic South and Central American sculpture, and this is reflected in his work from the 1920s.
By the early 1930s most of his main themes had emerged, and the Surrealists' preoccupation with organic forms in abstract works proved a strong influence; Moore's hollowed wooden shapes strung with wires (resembling those of Barbara Hepworth) date from the late 1930s.
Abstract work suggesting organic structures recurs after World War II, for example in the interwoven bonelike forms of the Hill Arches and the bronze Sheep Pieces 1970s, set in fields by his studio in Much Hadham, Hertfordshire.