Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (1853-1928) was a Dutch physicist, winner (with his pupil Pieter Zeeman) of the Nobel physics prize in 1902 for his work on the Zeeman effect.
Lorentz spent most of his career trying to develop and improve the Maxwell electromagnetic theory. He also attempted to account for the anomalies of the Michelson-Morley experiment by proposing, independently of Fitzgerald that moving bodies contracted in their direction of motion.
He took the matter further with his method of transforming space and time coordinates, later known as Lorentz transformations, which prepared the way for Einstein's theory of relativity.
Why is Hendrik Lorentz famous?
Hendrik Lorentz was a Dutch physicist who won the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics.