Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) became vice president to F. D. Roosevelt in 1945, and president when Roosevelt died in April that year. He used the atom bomb against Japan, launched the Marshall Plan to restore West Europe's economy, and nurtured the European Community and NATO (including the rearmament of West Germany).
Born in Lamar, Missouri, he ran a clothing store that was bankrupted by the Great Depression. He became a senator in 1934, was selected as Roosevelt's last vice president, and in 1948 was elected for a second term in a surprise victory over Thomas Dewey (1902-1971), the governor of New York.
At home, he had difficulty converting the economy back to peacetime conditions, and failed to prevent the witch-hunts on suspected communists, in Korea, he intervened when the South was invaded, but sacked Gen. MacArthur when the general's policy threatened to start World War II. Truman's dedsion not to enter Chinese territory, betrayed by the double agent Kim Philby, led to China's entry into the war. Truman had a sign on his desk that said: "The buck stops here."
Why is Harry S. Truman famous?
Harry S. Truman was the 33rd president of the USA 1945-1953, a Democrat.