Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) was an Italian soldier who played an important role in the unification of Italy by conquering Sicily and Naples in 1860.
From 1834 a member of the nationalist Mazzini's Young Italy society, he was forced into exile until 1848 and again 184918-54. He fought against Austria 1848-1849, 1859, and 1866, and led two unsuccessful expeditions to liberate Rome from papal rule in 1862 and 1867.
Born in Nice, he became a sailor, and then joined in the Risorgimento nationalist movement. Condemned to death for treason, he escaped to South America where he became a mercenary.
He returned to Italy during the 1848 revolution, served with the Sardinian army against the Austrians, and commanded the army of the Roman republic in its defence of the city against the French. He subsequently lived in exile until 1854, when he settled on the island of Caprera.
In 1860, at the head of his 1,000 redshirts, he won Sicily and Naples for the new kingdom of Italy. He served in the Austrian War of 1866, and fought for France in the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871.
Why is Giuseppe Garibaldi famous?
Giuseppe Garibaldi was an Italian general, politician and patriot.