Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) was a German philosopher, who conceived of consciousness and the external object as forming a unity, in which neither factor can exist independentiy, mind and nature being two abstractions of one indivisible whole.
Hegel believed development took place through dialectic: contradiction and the resolution of contradiction. For Hegel, the task of philosophy was to comprehend the rationality of what already exists, but leftist followers, including Marx, used Hegel's dialectic to attempt to show the inevitability of radical change, and attacked both religion and the social order.
He wrote The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807), Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1817), and Philosophy of Right (1821).
He was professor of philosophy at Heidelberg (1817-1818), and at Berlin (1818-1831). As a rightist, Hegel championed religion, the Prussian state, and the existing order.
Why is Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel famous?
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a German philosopher, one of the creators of German Idealism.