Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805) wrote Sturm and Drang (storm and stress) verse and plays, including the dramatic trilogy Watlenstein 1798-1799.
Much of his work concerns the desire for political freedom and for the avoidance of mediocrity.
After the success of the play Die Rauber/The Robbers in 1781, he devoted himself to literature and completed his tragedies FieskolFiasco and Kabale und Liebe/Love and Intrigue in 1783.
Moving to Weimar in 1787, he wrote his more mature blank-verse drama Don Carlos and the hymn 'An die Freude/Ode to Joy', later used by Beethoven in his ninth symphony. As professor of history at Jena from 1789, he completed a history of the Thirty Years' War.
His essays on aesthetics include the piece of literary criticism Uber naive und sentimentalische Dichtung/Naive and Sentimental Poetry. Schiller became the foremost German dramatist with his classic dramas Wallenstein, Maria Stuart in 1800, Die Jung-frau von Orleans/The Maid of Orleans in 1801, and William Tell in 1804.
Why is Friedrich Schiller famous?
Friedrich Schiller was a German dramatist, poet, and historian.