Ferdinand Marcos (1917-1989) was backed by the USA when in power, but in 1988 US authorities indicted him and his wife Imelda Marcos for racketeering and embezzlement, and in 1990 she was tried and acquitted on a charge of stealing $105 million.
Marcos was convicted while a law student in 1939 of murdering a political opponent of his father, but eventually secured his own acquittal.
In World War II he was a guerrilla fighter, survived Japanese prison camps of Bataan, and became president in 1965. His regime became increasingly repressive, with the use of secret marshals and anti-crime squads executing those only suspected of offences.
He was overthrown and exiled in 1986 by a popular front led by Corazon Aquino, widow of a murdered opposition leader. A US grand jury investigating Marcos and his wife alleged that they had embezzled millions of dollars from the Philippines government, received bribes, and defrauded US banks. Marcos was too ill to stand trial, however, and died in Honolulu, Hawaii, in September 1989.
Why is Ferdinand Marcos famous?
Ferdinand Marcos was a Filipino right-wing politician, president (1965-1986), when he was forced into exile in Hawaii.