In 1519 Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) set sail in the Victoria from Seville with the intention of reaching the Bast Indies by a westerly route.
He sailed through the Magellan Strait at the tip of South America, crossed an ocean he named the Pacific, and in 1521 reached the Philippines, where he was killed in a battle with the islanders. His companions returned to Seville in 1522, completing the voyage under del Cano.
Magellan was brought up at court and entered the royal service, but later transferred his services to Spain. He and his Malay slave, Enrique de Malacca, are considered the first circumnavigators of the globe, since they had once sailed from the Philippines to Europe.