Ernest Hemingway (full name Ernest Miller Hemingway) was born on July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, United States of America. He is an important American novelist, short-story writer and journalist and he won The Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.
Biography and Career :
After finishing his school, he volunteered and went to fight in Italy, in the First World War. After the war, he started publishing articles in different newspapers and magazines. His vast experience as a newspaper man will put its mark on the concise style of his fiction.
Hemingway's main works are: "The Sun Also Rises" (1925), "A Farewell to Arms" (1929) - which is one of the best war books based on his experience in the First World War, "The Old Man and the Sea" (1940) - a novella for which he was awarded the Pul
itzer Prize. He also wrote some essays written in the psychology of cruelty and death, as shown in bullfighting and big game hunting: "Death in the Afternoon" (1932) and "The Green Hills of Africa" (1934). "The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories" is a collection of short stories including "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber", which was considered a highly concentrated short-story, a tragic history of losing and regaining dignity, its message being the idea that it is never too late to get rid of one's weaknesses, to become a real "man".
Hemingway once remarked that his job as a writer was "to put down what I see and what I feel in the best and simplest way I can tell it"! He wrote only about those aspects of life he has encountered personally: warfare, big game hunting, sport fishing, bullfighting, skiing and life in Paris.
His work is autobiographical not only in the incidents related but in the attitudes and reactions of his characters to their situations. His novels are written in two styles in alternation.
In his work, he relates the most violent of incidents in a totally objective manner. He never comments and he never degenerates into pathos. The ideas of his novels are latent and conveyed through physical sensations. Hemingway finds a sort of mystical experience in Pain, Violence and Death. He involves it in hunting, one of the dominant interests in Hemingway's life. Hemingway employs a proper Religion. Nature in its unspoiled state is hardly amiable or friendly but there is a sublimity about it lacking in urban culture.
The Western literature of the twenties and thirties was passing through a crisis of expression, which disclosed the anxious conscience of the man alienated from the world in which he lived, discovering himself in a world in which he could not find his place.
Hemingway's work proved his awareness of the deadlock of human values and the awareness of the necessity of a modality to express it as adequately as possible to his artistic possibilities.
American novelist and short story writer, he started writing as a high school pupil. After finishing high school, he volunteered and went to fight in Italy, in the First World War.
Hemingway started from the American literary traditions which he transformed in the light of a modern European outlook on literature.
His main works are:
- "The Sun Also Rises"(1925),
- "A Farewell to Arms"(1929),
- "Death in the Afternoon"(1931),
- "The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories"(1938),
- "For Whom the Bell Tolls"(1940),
- "The Old Man and the Sea"(1952) - This novella brought Ernest Hemingway the Pulitzer prize.
In 1954, Hemingway was awarded the Nobel prize for literature for his "perfect mastery of the art of modern fiction".
In 1961 he passed away in Ketchum, Idaho.
Hemingway was a very "elaborate" writer. His literature proved his awareness of the deadlock of human values and the awareness of expressing it using artistic possibilities.
- "In order to write about life, first you must live it!"
- "There is no friend as loyal as a book."
- "When writing a novel a writer should create living people; people not characters. A character is a caricature."
- "Never write about a place until you're away from it, because that gives you perspective."