Edmund Burke (1729-1797) was a British Whig politician and political theorist, born in Dublin, Ireland.
In Parliament from 1765, he opposed the government's attempts to coerce the American colonists, for example in Thoughts on the Present Discontents in 1770, and supported the emancipation of Ireland, but denounced the French Revolution, for example in Reflections on the Revolution in France in 1790.
Burke wrote A Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of our Ideas on the Sublime and Beautiful 1756, on aesthetics. He was paymaster of the forces in Rockingham's government in 1782 and in the Fox-North coalition in 1783, and after the collapse of the latter spent the rest of his career in opposition. He attacked Warren Hastings's misgovernment in India and promoted
Burke defended his inconsistency in supporting the American but not the French Revolution in his Appeal from the New to the Old Whigs in 1791 and Letter to a Noble Lord 17%, and attacked the suggestion of peace with France in Letters on a Regicide Peace 1795-1797.
He retired in 1794 and he was a noted orator and is regarded by modern Conservatives as the greatest of their political theorists.
Why is Edmund Burke famous?
Edmund Burke was an British politician, author, orator, political theorist and philosopher.