Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC) was a Roman orator, writer, and statesman.
His speeches, and philosophical and rhetorical works are models of Latin prose, and his letters provide a picture of contemporary Roman life.
As consul in 63 BC he exposed Catiline's conspiracy in four major orations.
Born in Arpinium, Cicero became an advocate in Rome, spent three years in Greece studying oratory, and after the dictator Sulla's death distinguished himself in Rome on the side of the popular party.
When the First Triumvirate was formed in 59, Cicero was exiled and devoted himself to literature. He sided with Pompey during the civil war (49-48 BC) but was pardoned by Caesar and returned to Rome. After Caesar's assassination in 44 he supported Octavian (the future Emperor Augustus) and violently attacked Antony in speeches known as the Philippics.
On the reconciliation of Antony and Octavian he was executed by Antony's agents.
Why is Cicero famous?
Cicero was a Roman philosopher, statesman, orator and Roman constitutionalist.