Charlotte Bronte was born on April 21, 1816 in Thornton, Yorkshire, England as the third daughter of Patrick Bronte and Maria Branwell. She is a famous English novelist
Biography and Career :
In 1820 the family moved to Haworth where Patrick Bronte was named priest. After one year Maria Bronte passed away and her sister Elizabeth Branwell moved with the family.
Patrick sent his daughters, Elizabeth and Maria, first to the Wakefield School and then to school from Cowan Bridge, Lancashire in 1824. Charlotte and Emily, the other daughters, went there too but the older sisters got ill of tuberculosis and came back home.
Between 1825-1831 Charlotte and Emily came back to Haworth, Maria and Elizabeth died.
In 1831 Charlotte attended classes of Miss Wooler School from Roe He
ad near Huddersfield, where became friend with Mary Taylor and Ellen Nussey. After one year she went back home to take care of her sisters' education.
Charlotte Bronte became a teacher in a school in Roe Head in 1835 but quitted in 1838 and returned to Haworth. There she was proposed by Henry Nussey, Ellen's brother.
In 1842 Charlotte and Emily went to Bruxelles to study French and German at Heger Pension. After a short time their aunt, Elizabeth Branwell, died and they turned back home.
Charlotte tried to make a school in Haworth in 1844, but she didn't have any student.
In 1845 Branwell, Charlotte's brother was fired and started drinking and taking drugs, which caused in the end his death.
Charlotte's novel "The Professor", written in 1846, was refused by the editor and she started to write "Jane Eyre".
In 1847 Charlotte published "Jane Eyre", Emily published "Wuthering Heights" and Anne published "Agnes Grey" under nicknames Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell and had a great success.
In 1848 Charlotte and Anne revealed their real names to their editors from London. In the same year Branwell and Emily died and after one year Anne died too of tuberculosis.
Charlotte published the novel "Shirley" in 1849.
In 1851 she traveled three times to London where she met Thackeray, in Scotland and Manchester where she met Elizabeth Gaskell, her future biographer. She refused a proposal from James Taylor.
In 1853 published "Villette" a novel wrote in Bruxelles and after one year she got married with the priest Arthur Bell Nicholls.
She passed away on the 31st of March 1855 and after three years from her death are published "The professor" and "Life of Charlotte Bronte" by Elizabeth Gaskell.
Important Works :
- 1847 "Jane Eyre"
- 1849 "Shirley"
- 1853 "Villette"
- 1857 "The Professor"
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