Sir Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin (1889-1977) was an English actor-director.
He made his reputation as a tramp with smudge moustache, bowler hat, and cane in silent films from the mid-1910s, including "The Rink" in 1916, "The Kid" in 1921, and "The Gold Rush" in 1925.
His works often contrast buffoonery with pathos, and later films combine dialogue with mime and music, such as "The Great Dictator" in 1940, and "Limelight" in 1952.
Born in South London, he first appeared on the stage at the age of five.
His other films include "City Lights" in 1931, "Modem Times" in 1936, and "Monsieur Verdoux" (in which he spoke for the first time) in 1947.
"Limelight" in 1952 was awarded an Oscar for Chaplin's musical theme. He left the USA in 1952 when accused of Communist sympathies in the McCarthy era, and moved to Switzerland.
He was four times married, his third wife being Paulette Goddard, and the fourth, Oona, daughter of Eugene O'Neill.
He received special Oscars in 1928 and in 1972, and was knighted in 1975.
Why is Charlie Chaplin famous?
Charlie Chaplin was an English actor and film director, most famous for his acting in silent movies.
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