Cesare Borgia (1476-1507) was a Italian general, illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI.
Made a cardinal at age of 17 by his father, he resigned to become captain-general of the papacy, campaigning successfully against the city republics of Italy.
Ruthless and treacherous in war, he was an able ruler (the model of Machiavelli's The Prince), but his power crumbled on the death of his father. He was a patron of artists, including Leonardo da Vinci.
Why is Cesare Borgia famous?
Cesare Borgia was an Italian nobleman, politician, and cardinal.