Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
Carl Gustav Emil von Mannerheim (1867-1951) commanded the Finnish army (1939-1940) and (1941-1944), and was president of Finland (1944-1946).
After the Russian Revolution in 1917, a Red (socialist) militia was formed in Finland with Russian backing, and independence was declared in December.
The Red forces were opposed by a White (counterrevolutionary) army led by Mannerheim, who in 1918 crushed the socialists with German assistance.
In 1944, after leading the defence against Soviet invasion in two wars, he negotiated the peace settlement with the USSR and became president.
Why is Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim famous?
Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim was a Finnish general and politician, leader of the conservative forces in the civil war (1917-1918) and regent (1918-1919).
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Date Added: 16 May '12
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