Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg (1874-1951) was an Austro-Hungarian composer, a US citizen from 1941.
After Romantic early work such as Verktdrte Nacht in 1899 and the Gurrelieder/Songs of Gurra 1900-1911, he experimented with atonality (absence of key), producing such works as Pierrot Lunaire in 1912 before developing the 12-tone system of musical composition. This was further developed by his pupils Berg and Webern.
After World War I he wrote several Neo-Classical works for chamber ensembles. He taught at the Berlin State Academy 1925-1933. Driven from Germany by the Nazis, he settled in the US in 1933, where he influenced music scoring for films. Later works include the opera Moses and Aaron 1932-1951.
Why is Arnold Schoenberg famous?
Arnold Schoenberg was an Austrian composer and painter.