Aristotle was born on March 7, 384 BC, Stagira, on the peninsula of Chalcidice. He was a famous ancient Greek philosopher, founder of the peripatetic school and of formal logic as science.
Biography and Career :
When he was seventeen, Aristotle entered Plato
's Academy, where he stayed for 20 years first as a student and later as a teacher. After Plato passed away in 347 BC, Aristotle left to Assos, in Misia and became Hermias' counselor. In 343 BC Aristotle was asked to go to Pella at Filip's Court to educate the young Alexander, the one who would later be Alexander the Great. Aristotle came back to Stagira in 340 BC but not for long.
The peace that Macedonia imposed to the Greek fortresses gave him the opport
unity to go to Athens
. There he founded his own school - Lykeion - translated as High-school. His school rivaled with Platon's Academy. Aristotle would teach there for 13 years and would continue his researches.
In 323 BC, when Alexander the Great passed away, in Athens burst out the enmity against Macedon. Aristotle went to Chalkis, on the Eubeea Island, where he passed away one year later. The one who succeeded him in the school was Teofrast, his most important disciple.
The big philosophical and scientifically system created by Aristotle, amazing through diversity (theology, logic, esthetic, astronomy, zoology, physics, politic) and depth, was the base of the Christian and Islamic medieval thinking and the axe of the Occidental culture until the end of the XVII century.
- His father, Nicomah, was a doctor at King Filip II's Court.
- Nicomah was also his teacher wenh Aristotle was very young.
- We know little about his mother, who died early.
- Aristotle's father died when Aristotle was ten years old.
- There were kept only 47 of Aristotle's works and they say he wrote 150.
- "A great city is not to be confounded with a populous one."
- "A true friend is one soul in two bodies."
- "All human actions have one or more of these seven causes: chance, nature, compulsions, habit, reason, passion, desire."
- "Democracy is when the indigent, and not the men of property, are the rulers."
- "Anybody can become angry - that is easy, but to be angry with the right person and to the right degree and at the right time and for the right purpose, and in the right way - that is not within everybody's power and is not easy."
Important Works :
- "Organon" (collected works on logic)
Physical and scientific writings:
- "Physics" (or "Physica")
- "On the Soul" (or "De Anima")
- "On Colours" (or "De Coloribus")
- "Problems" (or "Problemata")
- "On Indivisible Lines" (or "De Lineis Insecabilibus")
- "Situations and Names of Winds" (or "Ventorum Situs")
- "Metaphysics" (or "Metaphysica")
- "Nicomachean Ethics" (or "Ethica Nicomachea", or "The Ethics")
- "Great Ethics" (or "Magna Moralia")
- "Virtues and Vices" (or "De Virtutibus et Vitiis Libellus", "Libellus de virtutibus")
- "Politics" (or "Politica")
- "Economics" (or "Oeconomica")
- "Rhetoric" (or "Ars Rhetorica", or "The Art of Rhetoric" or "Treatise on Rhetoric")
- "Rhetoric to Alexander" (or "Rhetorica ad Alexandrum")
- "Poetics" (or "Ars Poetica")
A work outside the Corpus Aristotelicum:
- "The Constitution of the Athenians" (or "Athenaion Politeia", "The Athenian Constitution").
Aristotle Image : livius.org