Aleksandr Pushkin (full name Aleksandr Sergheevici Puskin) was born on the May 26, 1799 in Moscow
, Russia. He is considered to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.
Biography and Career :
In October 1811 he went to Tarskoe Selo High-school in the town with the same name.
His first work, poem "To a Versifier Friend" appeared in Vestnic Evropi Magazine in 1814.
One year later he recited "Memories from Tarskoe Selo" in front of G. R. Derjavin and the poet said "here is a dignified continuer of mine".
After he graduated High-school in 1817 he got a job in the Extern Business Association. Under the influence of Radiscev he wrote his well known ode "Liberty".
he became friend with N. I. Turgenev, N. I. Krivotov, I. D. Iakuskin, Nikita Muraviov and others and wrote the poems "To Ceaadaev", "Noel".
He was a member of Green Lamp a literary group which was close to a secret political organization. In 1819 he wrote the poem "The Village" with the intention to show his disapproval about feudalism and serfdom.
In 1820 he finished the poem "Ruslan and Ludmila".
Between 1820-1824 he was exiled in south (Chisinau, Odesa, Dnepropetrovsk) and wrote "The Captive of the Caucasus", "The Fountain of Bahcisarai", "Gavriliada". When he was in Chisinau he met Alexandru Ipsilanti, Cantacuzino Brothers, C. Stamati, Costache Negruzzi.
From 1824 it had begun the exile in Mihailovskoe where he saw people's life and customs and near him was Arina Rodionovna, his nanny. The same year appeared his last romantic poem "The Gypsies" with great realistic influences.
On the 14th of December 1825 took place the Decembrist's revolt.
Between 1824-1826 Pushkinhad his apogee in career and wrote "The Nulin Conte", "Andre Chenier", "To A. P. Kern" and other over 100 poems, drama "Boris Godunov".
On the 4th of September 1825 Pushkinleft Mihailovskoe from Nikolai's I ordersand returned to Moscow and remained faithful to his Decembrist friends.
He wanted to get in the army and leave to Caucaz where Russia fought with Turkey but he was refused. He left anyway in Caucasus and from his journey resulted "Journey to Arzrum", "The Caucasus" and others.
The poet wrote between 1825-1832 his fundamental work "Evghenii Oneghin".
In 1831 he married Natalia N. Goncearova. Between 1831-1837 he wrote many important works.
On the 27th of January after a plot against him took place a duel between him and Dantes, a French adventurer. The poet is fatal injured and on the 29th of January (10th of February) he passed away. The Russian tsar was terrified of what people would say and he ordered to get Puskins's body out of the town during the night. He was buried in the cemetery of Sviatogorsk Monastery.
Important Writings :
1820 "Ruslan and Ludmila" (poem)
1822 "The Captive of the Caucasus" (poem)
1824 "The Fountain of Bakhchisaray" (poem)
1827 "The Gypsies" (narrative poem)
1825 "Boris Godunov" (drama)
1831 "The Tale of Tsar Saltan" (poem)
1833 "The Tale of the Dead Princess and the Seven Knights" (poem)
1834 "The Golden Cockerel" (poem)
1825-1832 "Yevgeniy Onegin - Eugene Onegin" (verse novel)
1833 "The Bronze Horseman (poem)
1834 "The History of Pugachev's Riot" (prose non-fiction)
1836 "The Captain's Daughter (prose) a romanticized historical
- " In this, our age of infamy Man's choice is but to be A tyrant, traitor, prisoner: No other choice has he."
- " The illusion which exalts us is dearer to us then ten-thousand truths."
Aleksandr PushkinImage : hunter.cuny.edu