William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806) raised the importance of the House of Commons and clamped down on corruption, carried out fiscal reforms and union with Ireland.
He attempted to keep Britain at peace but underestimated the importance of the French Revolution and became embroiled in wars with France from 1793; he died on hearing of Napoleon's victory at Austerlitz.
Son of William Pitt the Elder, he entered Cambridge University at 14 and Parliament at age 22. He was the Whig Shelburne's chancellor of the Exchequer (1782-1783), and with the support of the Tories and king's friends became Britain's youngest prime minister in 1783.
He reorganized the country's finances and negotiated reciprocal tariff reduction with France. In 1793, however, the new French republic declared war and England fared badly. His policy in Ireland led to the 1798 revolt, and he tried to solve the Irish question by the Act of Union 1800, but George III rejected the Catholic emancipation Pitt had promised as a condition, and Pitt resigned 1801.
Why is William Pitt the Younger famous?
William Pitt the Younger was a British Tory prime minister 1783-1801 and 1804-1806.