Vaclav Havel (1936-2011) was a Czech dramatist and politician, president of Czechoslovakia (1989-1992) and of the Czech Republic from 1993.
His plays include The Garden Party in 1963 and Largo Desolato in 1985, about a dissident intellectual. Havel became widely known as a human-rights activist. He was imprisoned (1979-1933) and again 1989 for support of Charter 77, a human-rights manifesto.
As president of Czechoslovakia he sought to preserve a united republic, but resigned in recognition of the breakup of the federation in 1992. In 1993 he became president of the newly independent Czech Republic.
Why is Vaclav Havel famous?
Vaclav Havel was a Czech playwright, poet and politician.