Born on January 4 1643 in Woolsthrope, Lincolnshire, England, Newton is referred to as The Father of Modern Science. He gave the world the Laws of Gravity and planetary motion and the Laws of Light.
Newton was raised by his grandmother as his father died three months before he was born, When Newton was 12 years old he joined King’s school in Grantham and lived with an apothecary named Clarke. During this time he got interested in mechanical devices and scientific laws. He built sundials and similar devices to impress people around him.
His love for mathematics got solid when he joined Trinity College in Cambridge University. During this time he also got interested in Physics, astronomy, optics and other branches of science and completed his graduation in 1663 and
decided on doing his Masters from the same college. He couldn’t complete though, as the University had to be shut down as a result of an epidemic breaking out. Newton stayed in Woolsthrope for 2 years and he concentrated on basic experiments while at home. And this was the time when he also conceptualized the basis of gravitation and its laws.
He went on to join Trinity College after 2 years in 1667 and was appointed as the second Lucasian professor at the age of 27 and worked at Trinity College for the next 27 years. He came up with his Reflecting Telescope in 1668 and received a wide appreciation for his inventions. He was also made the fellow of the Royal Society.
Newton was not only well versed with his knowledge in the various fields of Physics; he also had a vast knowledge in other fields also like Theology and Astrology. By a series of experiments on light, he discovered that white light is made up of the colours of a rainbow and this led to a new branch of physics, modern study of optics. With help from Edmond Halley he produced yet another paper on light and optics named, 'Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica' Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, in 1687.
Newton died on March 31 1727 in Westminster Abbey. One of the most memorable incidents from Newton’s biographies is that of an apple falling from the tree which inspired him to conceptualise the laws of Gravity. Newton is known to be the most influential scientist and a mathematician in the history of science.