Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) Blue Period (1901-1904) and Rose Period (1905-1906) preceded the revolutionary Les Demoiselles d'Avignon in 1907 (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York), which paved the way for Cuhism.
In the early 1920s he was considered a leader of the Surrealist movement. In the 1930s his work included metal sculpture, book illustration, and the mural Guernica in 1937 (Cason del Buen Retiro, Madrid), a comment on the bornbing of civilians in the Spanish Civil War. He continued to paint into his 80s.
Born in Malaga, son of an art teacher, Jose Ruiz Blasco, and an Andalusian mother, Maria Picasso Ldpez; he discontinued use of the name Ruiz in 1898. He was a mature artist at ten, and at 16 was holding his first exhibition.
In 1900 he made an in
itial visit to Paris, where he was to settle. From 1946 he lived mainly in the south of France, where, in addition to painting prolifically, he experimented with ceramics, sculpture, sets for ballet (for example Parade in 1917 for Diaghilev), book illustrations (such as Ovid's Metamorphoses), and portraits (Stravinsky, Valry, and others).
Why is Pablo Picasso famous?
Pablo Picasso was a Spanish artist, active chiefly in France, one of the most inventive and prolific talents in 20th century art.