Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) was an German composer and pianist, whose mastery of musical expression in every genre made him the dominant influence on 19th-century music.
Beethoven's repertoire includes concert overtures; the opera Fidelio; five piano concertos and two for violin (one unfinished); 32 piano sonatas, including the Moonlight and Appassionato; 17 string quartets; the Mass in D (Missa solemnis); and nine symphonies, as well as many youthful works.
He usually played his own piano pieces and conducted his orchestral works until he was hampered by deafness 1801; nevertheless he continued to compose.
Born in Bonn, the son and grandson of musicians, Beethoven became deputy organist at the court of the Elector of Cologne at Bonn before he was 12; later he studied under Haydn and possibly Mozart, whose influence dominated his early work.
Beginning in 1809 he received a small allowance from aristocratic patrons.
Why is Ludwig van Beethoven famous?
Ludwig van Beethoven was a famous German composer, pianist and a crucial figure in the 19th-century music.
Ludwig van Beethoven Pictures