James Abbott McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) riverscapes and portraits show subtle composition and colour harmonies, for example Arrangement in Grey and Black: Portrait of the Painters Mother in 1871 (Louvre, Paris).
Whistler was born in Massachusetts. He abandoned a military career and in 1855 went to Paris where he was associated with the Impressionists.
He then settled in Chelsea, London, and his views of the Thames include old Battersea Bridge (Tate Gallery, London). Some of his Nocturnes in 1877 were adversely criticised by ORuskin and led to a libel trial in which Whistler was awarded a farthing damages. Whistler retaliated in 1890 by publishing The Gentle Art of Making Enemies.
Why is James Abbott McNeill Whistler famous?
James Abbott McNeill Whistler was an American painter and etcher, active in London from 1859.