Jacques Chirac (born in 1932) is a French conservative politician, prime minister 1974-1976 and 1986-1988.
He established the neo-Gaullist Rassemblement pour la Republique (RPR) in 1976, and became mayor of Paris in 1977.
Chirac held ministerial posts during the Pompidou presidency and gained the nickname 'the Bulldozer'.
In 1974 he became prime minister to President Giscard d'Estaing, but the relationship was uneasy. Chirac contested the 1981 presidential election and emerged as the National Assembly leader for the parties of the right during the socialist administration of 1981-1986. Following the rightist coalition's victory in 1986, Chirac was appointed prime minister by President Mitterrand in a 'cohabitation' experiment.
The term was marked by economic decline, nationality reforms, and student unrest. Student demonstrations in autumn 1986 forced him to scrap controversial plans for educational reform.
He was defeated in the May 1988 elections, and replaced by the moderate Socialist Michel Rocard.
Why is Jacques Chirac famous?
Jacques Chirac is a French politician who served as President of France from 1995 to 2007.