Ioan Slavici was born on January 18, 1848 in Siria, a little village in Transilvania as the second son of Savu Slavici and Elena Borlea. He was a famous Romanian writer and journalist.
Biography and Career :
Between 1854 and 1858 he attended classes at Greek Orthodoxies Elementary School in his village. Before he attended the high school in Arad he had had to repeat the fourth class at the Elementary School in Arad.
In 1860 Ioan Slavici began the high school in Arad where he stayed for five years and after this another two classes in a high school in Timisoara and finished the high school in 1868 at a Hungarian high school in Arad. The hard life from high school would inspire him to write the novella "Budulea Taichii".
In 1868 he attended the Law and Science College fro
m Budapest University where he participated at "Petru Maior" society's meetings. In 1869 he moved at Law College in Vienna where he met Mihai Eminescu who would later become "his friend and adviser".
Between 1871 and 1872 he published his first writings "Fata de Birau" and "Zana Zorilor" in the magazine "Convorbiri Literare".
In 1873 both of his parents died and after this he hired at Oradea's Archive but he quitted after a conflict with the church authorities.
In 1874 he met Titu Maiorescu and Ion Creanga thanks to Eminescu and at the end of the year he moved to Bucharest. Between 1875 and 1876 he published other novellas in "Convorbiri Literare": "Popa Tanda" and "O Viata Pierduta".
In 1877 he became one of "Timpul" newspaper reporters near other good writers like Eminescu, Caragiale and Titu Maiorescu. he remained there until 1884 when the newspaper was closed. He published other very appreciated novellas, the best of them being "Budulea Taichii".
In 1885 he was accused by "Agitation crime against state" and he had to pay 100 forint.
In 1886 his first child, Titu Liviu, was born and in the same year he was condemned to stay three days in prison after another press trial.
Between 1890 and 1894 he was studies director and history teacher at "Elena Doamna" school. In 1891 he created "The Culture League for Romanian Cultural Unity" as an answer to denationalization action of Austro Hungarian authorities in Transilvania.
In the next year on March 26, 1892 was signed to Sibiu the "Romanian Memorandum from Transilvania and Hungary" which was based on the project wrote by Slavici in 1887.
In 1893 he created at Bucharest the "Corespondenta Romana" newspaper which militated for Romanian's national cause in Transilvania. In 1894 he published the novel "Mara" and in the same year was named the director of "Ioan Ottetelisanu" institute where stayed until 1908.
In 1902 he published the novel "Din Batrani" which was rewarded with "I Heliade Radulescu" prize. In 1909 he became member of Romanian Writings Society. During the First World War, between 1914 and 1918, he wrote a lot of articles and because of this on January 18, 1918 was arrested near other writher and sent to Vacaresti prison. He was condemned at five years of prison, but was set free at the end of the year. Between 1921 and 1924 he published: "Inchisorile Mele", "Vantura-Tara", "Cel din urma Armas" and "Amintiri".
He passed away on August 17, 1925 in Crucea de Jos, Panciu, in his daughter's house and was buried in Brazi Church, in Panciu. At his funeral participated along his family some members of Writing Society like Liviu Rebreanu, Gala Galaction and Mihail Sorbul.
- He was born in the year of European liberal revolution.
- He had 6 children.
- He had pro German attitude during the WWI.
- He had a very good friendship with Mihai Eminescu, the most important Romanian poet.
- He worked for the pro-German newspaper "Ziua".
Important Writings :
- Popa Tandra
- Gura satului
- Budulea Taichii
- Moara cu noroc
- O viata pierduta
- Vatra parasita
- O jertfa vietii.
- Din 2 lumi
- Cel din urma armas
- Din batrani.
- Zana Zorilor
- Florita din codru
- Ileana cea sireata
- Doi feti cu stea in frunte.
- Bogdan Voda
- Gaspar Gratiani.
-Lumea prin care am trecut.
- Padureanca (1987) (story) - The Forest Maiden
- Dincolo de pod (1975) (novel Mara) - Beyond the Bridge
- La 'Moara cu noroc' (1955) (novella Moara cu noroc) - The Mill of Good Luck
Ioan Slavici Image : en.wikipedia.org
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