Andy Warhol (1928-1987) made his name in 1962 with paintings of Campbell's soup tins, Coca-Cola bottles, and film star.
In his New York studio, the Factory, he produced series of garish silk-screen prints. His films include the semi-documentary Chelsea Girls in 1966 and Trash in 1970.
Warhol was born in Pittsburgh, where he studied art. In the 1950s he became a leading commercial artist in New York. With the breakthrough of Pop art, his bizarre personality and flair for self-publicity made him a household name.
He was a pioneer of multimedia events with the Exploding Plastic Inevitable touring show in 1966 featuring the Velvet Underground. In 1968 he was shot and nearly killed by a radical feminist, Valerie Solanas.
Successful early slik-screen series dealt with car crashes and suicides; Marilyn Monroe; Elvis Presley; and flowers. His films, beginning with Sleep in 1963 and ending with Bad in 1977, have a strong documentary or improvisa-tional element. His books include 77th Philosophy of Andy Warhol (Frown A to B and Back Again) in 1975 and Popism in 1980.
Why is Andy Warhol famous?
Andy Warhol was an American Pop artist and filmmaker.