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Born on March 14
Passed Away on November 24
Famous People Born in Bucharest Romania

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Alexandru Macedonski

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Alexandru Macedonski Alexandru Macedonski was born on March 14, 1854 in Bucharest, Romania. He was the "first Romanian modern consciousness" and an important character in Romanian literature.

Biography and Career :

He was the third son of Major Alexandru D. Macedonski, the first Romanian who was raised to General by Alexandru Ioan Cuza, and Maria Piraianu.

Alexandru Macedonski spent a big part of his childhood in his parents' houses in Adanca-Pometesti (Dolj) or Craiova.

Soon after he graduated Primary School of Boys in 1868 and a pension in French language his father died. He left abroad and first stopped in Vienna from where he sent to "Romanian Telegrap h" his first poem "Poet's Will" on the 3rd of December 1870.

In 1871 he was in Geneva and then in Italy but because of his health condition and money he decided to come in Bucharest where he debuted with the volume "Poesii. Prima Verba" in 1872.

From 1873 to 1880 he was the editor of many magazines like "The Olt", "The Flag", "The Weather", "Plevna", "The Danube", "Literatorul" and others. Because in the fist one he wrote about political situations he had gone to prison for 3 months.
The years 1880-1882 were good for him: the National Theatre in Bucharest played some of his plays, he wrote the volume "Poems", was named inspector for the Historical Monuments, because of the prize Vasile Alecsandri received from the Academy he entered in an argue and decided to leave to Paris in 1884.

In Paris he wrote poems in French and in 1885 he came back in Romania. He found the same situation that he saw when he left in the first place and this way his journeys to Paris happened often.

He collaborated in 1886 with "La Walonie", "Revue du Monde Latin" and "Revue Francaise" magazines.

Under the influence of Rene Ghil, Macedonski became the first Romanian man who initiated a literary current: instrumentalism.

His financial situation became better while he was the editor of "The Flag of The Country" in 1888 and "The Literary Romania", "Literatorul", "Romanian" in 1890.
In 1895 he published the volume "Excelsior" and in 1896 "The Orthodoxy's League".

He had a very long activity as a journalist signing his articles with pseudonyms as: Academus, Z. Aghira, Paul from Alep, Alma, Radu Amareanu, Argus, Ariosto, Le Capitain, Ego, General Bonhomme, Ianus, Juvenal, Leandru, Luciliu, Mac, Vlad Mircescu, Moi, Mirtil, Prince Rogala, Stradivarius, Tarara, A. Vatar, Zenone, paul Zvor, etc.

Alexandru Macedonski passed away on the 24th of November 1920 while he was inhaling perfume of roses, saying :"The Roses". He was buried in Belu Cemetery.

Important Writings :


1872 "Prima verba"
1882 "Poesii"
1895 "Excelsior"
1912 "Flori sacre"
1927 "Poema rondelurilor"


1896 "Drami£ banali£"
1902 "Cartea de aur"
1906 "Le calvaire de feu"
1915 "Thalassa"
1923 "Nuvele"

A play:

1916 "Moartea lui Dante Alighieri"
Alexandru Macedonski Image :

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Category: Writers  - ( Writers Archive)

Date Added: 28 October '06

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